Science Fair Quick Links:

Developing a Testable QuestionPlanning to Test Your Question  |  Understanding/Analyzing Your Data  |  Explaining It All  |  Additional Resources

Analyzing and Understanding Your Data

Now that you have tested your question, it is time to find out what it all means.

 

Charts and graphs help to visualize information

If you did an experiment, you can use charts and graphs to help you study, or analyze, the information you collected, also known as data. Once you have organized your data into a chart or graph, you may see patterns emerge that will help you answer your research question. 

  • Did you prove or disprove your hypothesis? (i.e., Did you get the answer you expected?
  • What did you learn from your experiment?
  • Why did you get the results that you did? 

 

 

Spreadsheets organize a lot of information

A spreadsheet can be a helpful tool to input your data and produce a chart or graph. Here is a sample spreadsheet from sciencebuddies.org. See if your chart or graph measures up to this checklist.

 

Ask questions about your data

Some questions you may ask include:  

  • Did you prove or disprove your hypothesis? (i.e., Did you get the answer you expected?
  • What did you learn from your experiment?
  • Why did you get the results that you did?
  • What mistakes did you make?
  • Do you need to add any data? 

Light Bulb of AwarenessWatch these videos to see real USDA Forest Service scientists talking about analyzing their results. 

 

Summarize your ideas

Finally, write it all up in a conclusion, or a summary of how your results either support or disprove your hypothesis.

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Resources
You can learn more about how to analyze your data below or the resources found on our resources page.